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XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
submitted by Hodor7777 to Ripple [link] [comments]

Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

This article is taken from the Wall Street Journal written about nine months ago and sits behind a a paywall, so I decided to copy and paste it here. This article explains Trump's policies toward global trade and what has actually happened so far. I think the article does a decent job of explaining the Trade War. While alot has happenedsince the article was written, I still think its relevant.
However, what is lacking in the article, like many articles on the trade war, is it doesn't really explain the history of US trade policy, the laws that the US administration is using to place tariffs on China and the official justification for the US President in enacting tariffs against China. In my analysis I will cover those points.

SUMMARY

When Trump entered the White House people feared he would dismantle the global system the US and its allies had built over the last 75 years, but he hasn't. He has realign into two systems. One between the US and its allies which looks similar to the one built since the 1980s with a few of quota and tariffs. As the article points out
Today, Korus and Nafta have been replaced by updated agreements(one not yet ratified) that look much like the originals. South Korea accepted quotas on steel. Mexico and Canada agreed to higher wages, North American content requirements and quotas for autos. Furthermore, the article points out Douglas Irwin, an economist and trade historian at Dartmouth College, calls these results the “status quo with Trumpian tweaks: a little more managed trade sprinkled about for favored industries. It’s not good, but it’s not the destruction of the system.” Mr. Trump’s actions so far affect only 12% of U.S. imports, according to Chad Bown of the Peterson Institute for International Economics. In 1984, 21% of imports were covered by similar restraints, many imposed by Mr. Reagan, such as on cars, steel, motorcycles and clothing. Protectionist instincts go so far in the US, there are strong lobby groups for both protectionist and freetrade in the US.
The second reflects a emerging rivalry between the US and China. Undo some of the integration that followed China accession to the WTO. Two questions 1) How far is the US willing to decouple with China 2) Can it persuade allies to join.
The second is going to be difficult because China's economic ties are greater than they were between the Soviets, and China isn't waging an ideological struggle. Trump lacks Reagan commitment to alliance and free trade. The status quo with China is crumbling Dan Sullivan, a Republican senator from Alaska, personifies these broader forces reshaping the U.S. approach to the world. When Mr. Xi visited the U.S. in 2015, Mr. Sullivan urged his colleagues to pay more attention to China’s rise. On the Senate floor, he quoted the political scientist Graham Allison: “War between the U.S. and China is more likely than recognized at the moment.” Last spring, Mr. Sullivan went to China and met officials including Vice President Wang Qishan. They seemed to think tensions with the U.S. will fade after Mr. Trump leaves the scene, Mr. Sullivan recalled. “I just said, ‘You are completely misreading this.’” The mistrust, he told them, is bipartisan, and will outlast Mr. Trump. both Bush II and Obama tried to change dialogue and engagement, but by the end of his term, Obama was questioning the approach. Trump has declared engagement. “We don’t like it when our allies steal our ideas either, but it’s a much less dangerous situation,” said Derek Scissors, a China expert at the American Enterprise Institute whose views align with the administration’s more hawkish officials. “We’re not worried about the war-fighting capability of Japan and Korea because they’re our friends.”
The article also points out unlike George Kennan in 1946 who made a case for containing the Soviet Union, the US hasn't explicitly made a case for containing the Soviets, Trump's administration hasn't, because as the the article explains its divided Michael Pillsbury a Hudson Institute scholar close to the Trump team, see 3 scenarios
Pillsbury thinks the third is most likely to happen, even though the administration hasn't said that it has adopted that policy. The US is stepping efforts to draw in other trading partners. The US, EU and Japan have launched a WTO effort to crack down on domestic subsidies and technology transfers requirement. US and Domestic concerns with prompted some countries to restrict Huawei. The US is also seeking to walloff China from other trade deals. However, there are risk with this strategy

ARTICLE

Trump Didn’t Kill the Global Trade System. He Split It in Two.

INTRODUCTION

My main criticism of this article is it tries like the vast majority of articles to fit US trade actions in the larger context of US geopolitical strategy. Even the author isn't certain "The first goes to the heart of Mr. Trump’s goal. If his aim is to hold back China’s advance, economists predict he will fail.". If you try to treat the trade "war" and US geopolitical strategy toward China as one, you will find yourself quickly frustrated and confused. If you treat them separately with their different set of stakeholders and histories, were they intersect with regards to China, but diverge. During the Cold War, trade policy toward the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc was subordinated to geopolitical concerns. For Trump, the trade issues are more important than geopolitical strategy. His protectionist trade rhetoric has been fairly consistent since 1980s. In his administration, the top cabinet members holding economic portfolios, those of Commerce, Treasury and US Trade Representative are the same people he picked when he first took office. The Director of the Economic Council has changed hands once, its role isn't as important as the National Security Advisor. While State, Defense, CIA, Homeland Security, UN Ambassador, National Security Advisor have changed hands at least once. Only the Director of National Intelligence hasn't changed.
International Trade makes up 1/4 of the US economy, and like national security its primarily the responsibility of the Federal government. States in the US don't implement their own tariffs. If you add the impact of Treasury policy and how it relates to capital flows in and out of the US, the amounts easily exceed the size of the US economy. Furthermore, because of US Dollar role as the reserve currency and US control of over global system the impact of Treasury are global. Trade policy and investment flows runs through two federal departments Commerce and Treasury and for trade also USTR. Defense spending makes up 3.3% of GDP, and if you add in related homeland security its at most 4%. Why would anyone assume that these two realms be integrated let alone trade policy subordinate to whims of a national security bureaucracy in most instances? With North Korea or Iran, trade and investment subordinate themselves to national security, because to Treasury and Commerce bureaucrats and their affiliated interest groups, Iran and the DPRK are well, economic midgets, but China is a different matter.
The analysis will be divided into four sections. The first will be to provide a brief overview of US trade policy since 1914. The second section will discuss why the US is going after China on trade issues, and why the US has resorted using a bilateral approach as opposed to going through the WTO. The third section we will talk about how relations with China is hashed out in the US.
The reason why I submitted this article, because there aren't many post trying to explain US-China Trade War from a trade perspective. Here is a post titled "What is the Reasons for America's Trade War with China, and not one person mentioned Article 301 or China's WTO Commitments. You get numerous post saying that Huawei is at heart of the trade war. Its fine, but if you don't know what was inside the USTR Investigative report that lead to the tariffs. its like skipping dinner and only having dessert When the US President, Donald J Trump, says he wants to negotiate a better trade deal with other countries, and has been going on about for the last 35 years, longer than many of you have been alive, why do people think that the key issues with China aren't primarily about trade at the moment.

OVERVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE ORIENTATION

Before 1940s, the US could be categorized as a free market protectionist economy. For many this may seem like oxymoron, how can an economy be free market and protectionist? In 1913, government spending made up about 7.5% of US GDP, in the UK it was 13%, and for Germany 18% (Public Spending in the 20th Century A Global Perspective: Ludger Schuknecht and Vito Tanzi - 2000). UK had virtual zero tariffs, while for manufactured goods in France it was 20%, 13% Germany, 9% Belgium and 4% Netherlands. For raw materials and agricultural products, it was almost zero. In contrast, for the likes of United States, Russia and Japan it was 44%, 84% and 30% respectively. Even though in 1900 United States was an economic powerhouse along with Germany, manufactured exports only made up 30% of exports, and the US government saw tariffs as exclusively a domestic policy matter and didn't see tariffs as something to be negotiated with other nations. The US didn't have the large constituency to push the government for lower tariffs abroad for their exports like in Britain in the 1830-40s (Reluctant Partners: A History of Multilateral Trade Cooperation, 1850-2000).
The Underwood Tariffs Act of 1913 which legislated the income tax, dropped the tariffs to 1850 levels levels.Until 16th amendment was ratified in 1913 making income tax legal, all US federal revenue came from excise and tariffs. In contrast before 1914, about 50% of UK revenue came from income taxes. The reason for US reluctance to introduced income tax was ideological and the United State's relative weak government compared to those in Europe. After the First World War, the US introduced the Emergency Tariff Act of 1921, than the Fordney–McCumber Tariff of 1922 followed by a Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930. Contrary to popular opinion, the Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930 had a small negative impact on the economy, since imports and exports played a small part of the US economy, and the tariffs were lower than the average that existed from 1850-1914.
Immediately after the Second World War, when the US economy was the only industrialized economy left standing, the economic focus was on rehabilitation and monetary stability. There was no grandiose and ideological design. Bretton Woods system linked the US dollar to gold to create monetary stability, and to avoid competitive devaluation and tariffs that plagued the world economy after Britain took itself off the gold in 1931. The US$ was the natural choice, because in 1944 2/3 of the world's gold was in the US. One reason why the Marshall Plan was created was to alleviate the chronic deficits Europeans countries had with the US between 1945-50. It was to rebuild their economies so they could start exports good to the US. Even before it was full implemented in 1959, it was already facing problems, the trade surpluses that the US was running in the 1940s, turned to deficits as European and Japanese economies recovered. By 1959, Federal Reserves foreign liabilities had already exceeded its gold reserves. There were fears of a run on the US gold supply and arbitrage. A secondary policy of the Bretton woods system was curbs on capital outflows to reduce speculation on currency pegs, and this had a negative impact on foreign investment until it was abandoned in 1971. It wasn't until the 1980s, where foreign investment recovered to levels prior to 1914. Factoring out the big spike in global oil prices as a result of the OPEC cartel, it most likely wasn't until the mid-1990s that exports as a % of GDP had reached 1914 levels.
Until the 1980s, the US record regarding free trade and markets was mediocre. The impetus to remove trade barriers in Europe after the Second World War was driven by the Europeans themselves. The EEC already had a custom union in 1968, Canada and the US have yet to even discuss implementing one. Even with Canada it took the US over 50 years to get a Free Trade Agreement. NAFTA was inspired by the success of the EEC. NAFTA was very much an elite driven project. If the Americans put the NAFTA to a referendum like the British did with the EEC in the seventies, it most likely wouldn't pass. People often look at segregation in the US South as a political issue, but it was economic issue as well. How could the US preach free trade, when it didn't have free trade in its own country. Segregation was a internal non-tariff barrier. In the first election after the end of the Cold War in 1992, Ross Perot' based most of independent run for the Presidency on opposition to NAFTA. He won 19% of the vote. Like Ross Perot before him, Donald Trump is not the exception in how America has handled tariffs since the founding of the Republic, but more the norm.
The embrace of free trade by the business and political elite can be attributed to two events. After the end of Bretton Woods in 1971, a strong vested interest in the US in the form of multinationals and Wall Street emerged advocating for removal of tariffs and more importantly the removal of restrictions on free flow of capital, whether direct foreign investment in portfolio investment. However, the political class embrace of free trade and capital only really took off after the collapse of the Soviet Union propelled by Cold War triumphalism.
As mentioned by the article, the US is reverting back to a pre-WTO relations with China. As Robert Lighthizer said in speech in 2000
I guess my prescription, really, is to move back to more of a negotiating kind of a settlement. Return to WTO and what it really was meant to be. Something where you have somebody make a decision but have it not be binding.
The US is using financial and legal instruments developed during the Cold War like its extradition treaties (with Canada and Europe), and Section 301. Here is a very good recent article about enforcement commitment that China will make.‘Painful’ enforcement ahead for China if trade war deal is reached with US insisting on unilateral terms
NOTE: It is very difficult to talk about US-China trade war without a basic knowledge of global economic history since 1914. What a lot of people do is politicize or subordinate the economic history to the political. Some commentators think US power was just handed to them after the Second World War, when the US was the only industrialized economy left standing. The dominant position of the US was temporary and in reality its like having 10 tonnes of Gold sitting in your house, it doesn't automatically translate to influence. The US from 1945-1989 was slowly and gradually build her influence in the non-Communist world. For example, US influence in Canada in the 1960s wasn't as strong as it is now. Only 50% of Canadian exports went to the US in 1960s vs 80% at the present moment.

BASIS OF THE US TRADE DISCUSSION WITH CHINA

According to preliminary agreement between China and the US based on unnamed sources in the Wall Street Journal article US, China close in on Trade Deal. In this article it divides the deal in two sections. The first aspects have largely to do with deficits and is political.
As part of a deal, China is pledging to help level the playing field, including speeding up the timetable for removing foreign-ownership limitations on car ventures and reducing tariffs on imported vehicles to below the current auto tariff of 15%. Beijing would also step up purchases of U.S. goods—a tactic designed to appeal to President Trump, who campaigned on closing the bilateral trade deficit with China. One of the sweeteners would be an $18 billion natural-gas purchase from Cheniere Energy Inc., people familiar with the transaction said.
The second part will involve the following.
  1. Commitment Regarding Industrial Policy
  2. Provisions to protect IP
  3. Mechanism which complaints by US companies can be addressed
  4. Bilateral meetings adjudicate disputes. If talks don't produce agreement than US can raise tariffs unilaterally
This grouping of conditions is similar to the points filled under the 301 investigation which serve the basis for initiating the tariffs. I have been reading some sources that say this discussion on this second group of broader issues could only be finalized later
The official justifications for placing the tariffs on Chinese goods is found under the March 2018 investigation submitted by the office of the President to Congress titled FINDINGS OF THE INVESTIGATION INTO CHINA’S ACTS, POLICIES, AND PRACTICES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, AND INNOVATION UNDER SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974. From this investigation the United States Trade Representative (USTR) place US Tariffs on Chinese goods as per Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. Here is a press release by the USTR listing the reasons for placing tariffs, and the key section from the press release. Specifically, the Section 301 investigation revealed:
In the bigger context of trade relations between US and China, China is not honoring its WTO commitments, and the USTR issued its yearly report to Congress in early February about the status of China compliance with its WTO commitments. The points that served as a basis for applying Section 301, also deviate from her commitments as Clinton's Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky paving the way for a trade war. Barshefsky argues that China's back sliding was happening as early as 2006-07, and believes the trade war could have been avoided has those commitments been enforced by previous administrations.
I will provide a brief overview of WTO membership and China's process of getting into the WTO.
WTO members can be divided into two groups, first are countries that joined in 1995-97, and were members of GATT, than there are the second group that joined after 1997. China joined in 2001. There is an argument that when China joined in 2001, she faced more stringent conditions than other developing countries that joined before, because the vast majority of developing countries were members of GATT, and were admitted to the WTO based on that previous membership in GATT. Here is Brookings Institute article published in 2001 titled "Issues in China’s WTO Accession"
This question is all the more puzzling because the scope and depth of demands placed on entrants into the formal international trading system have increased substantially since the formal conclusion of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations in 1994, which expanded the agenda considerably by covering many services, agriculture, intellectual property, and certain aspects of foreign direct investment. Since 1994, the international community has added agreements covering information technology, basic telecommunications services, and financial services. WTO membership now entails liberalization of a much broader range of domestic economic activity, including areas that traditionally have been regarded by most countries as among the most sensitive, than was required of countries entering the WTO’s predecessor organization the GATT.
The terms of China’s protocol of accession to the World Trade Organization reflect the developments just described and more. China’s market access commitments are much more far-reaching than those that governed the accession of countries only a decade ago. And, as a condition for membership, China was required to make protocol commitments that substantially exceed those made by any other member of the World Trade Organization, including those that have joined since 1995. The broader and deeper commitments China has made inevitably will entail substantial short-term economic costs.
What are the WTO commitments Barshefsky goes on about? When countries join the WTO, particularly those countries that weren't members of GATT and joined after 1997, they have to work toward fulfilling certain commitments. There are 4 key documents when countries make an accession to WTO membership, the working party report, the accession protocol paper, the goods schedule and service schedule.
In the working party report as part of the conclusion which specifies the commitment of each member country what they will do in areas that aren't compliant with WTO regulations on the date they joined. The problem there is no good enforcement mechanism for other members to force China to comply with these commitments. And WTO punishments are weak.
Here is the commitment paragraph for China
"The Working Party took note of the explanations and statements of China concerning its foreign trade regime, as reflected in this Report. The Working Party took note of the commitments given by China in relation to certain specific matters which are reproduced in paragraphs 18-19, 22-23, 35-36, 40, 42, 46-47, 49, 60, 62, 64, 68, 70, 73, 75, 78-79, 83-84, 86, 91-93, 96, 100-103, 107, 111, 115-117, 119-120, 122-123, 126-132, 136, 138, 140, 143, 145, 146, 148, 152, 154, 157, 162, 165, 167-168, 170-174, 177-178, 180, 182, 184-185, 187, 190-197, 199-200, 203-207, 210, 212-213, 215, 217, 222-223, 225, 227-228, 231-235, 238, 240-242, 252, 256, 259, 263, 265, 270, 275, 284, 286, 288, 291, 292, 296, 299, 302, 304-305, 307-310, 312-318, 320, 322, 331-334, 336, 339 and 341 of this Report and noted that these commitments are incorporated in paragraph 1.2 of the Draft Protocol. "
This is a tool by the WTO that list all the WTO commitment of each country in the working paper. In the goods and service schedule they have commitments for particular sectors. Here is the a press release by the WTO in September 2001, after successfully concluding talks for accession, and brief summary of key areas in which China hasn't fulfilled her commitments. Most of the commitments made by China were made to address its legacy as a non-market economy and involvement of state owned enterprises. In my opinion, I think the US government and investors grew increasingly frustrated with China, after 2007 not just because of China's back sliding, but relative to other countries who joined after 1997 like Vietnam, another non-market Leninist dictatorship. When comparing China's commitments to the WTO its best to compare her progress with those that joined after 1997, which were mostly ex-Soviet Republics.
NOTE: The Chinese media have for two decades compared any time the US has talked about China's currency manipulation or any other issue as a pretext for imposing tariffs on China to the Plaza Accords. I am very sure people will raise it here. My criticism of this view is fourfold. First, the US targeted not just Japan, but France, Britain and the UK as well. Secondly, the causes of the Japan lost decade were due largely to internal factors. Thirdly, Japan, UK, Britain and France in the 1980s, the Yuan isn't undervalued today. Lastly, in the USTR investigation, its China's practices that are the concern, not so much the trade deficit.

REASONS FOR TRUMPS UNILATERAL APPROACH

I feel that people shouldn't dismiss Trump's unilateral approach toward China for several reasons.
  1. The multilateral approach won't work in many issues such as the trade deficit, commercial espionage and intellectual property, because US and her allies have different interest with regard to these issues. Germany and Japan and trade surpluses with China, while the US runs a deficit. In order to reach a consensus means the West has to compromise among themselves, and the end result if the type of toothless resolutions you commonly find in ASEAN regarding the SCS. Does America want to "compromise" its interest to appease a politician like Justin Trudeau? Not to mention opposition from domestic interest. TPP was opposed by both Clinton and Trump during the election.
  2. You can't launch a geopolitical front against China using a newly formed trade block like the TPP. Some of the existing TPP members are in economic groups with China, like Malaysia and Australia.
  3. China has joined a multitude of international bodies, and at least in trade, these bodies haven't changed its behavior.
  4. Dealing with China, its a no win situation whether you use a tough multilateral / unilateral approach. If the US endorse a tough unilateral approach gives the impression that the US is acting like the British during the Opium War. If you take a concerted Western approach you are accused of acting like the 8 Powers Alliance in 1900.
  5. Trump was elected to deal with China which he and his supporters believe was responsible for the loss of millions manufacturing jobs when China joined the WTO in 2001. It is estimate the US lost 6 Million jobs, about 1/4 of US manufacturing Jobs. This has been subsequently advanced by some economists. The ball got rolling when Bill Clinton decided to grant China Most Favored Nation status in 1999, just a decade after Tiananmen.
  6. China hasn't dealt with issues like IP protection, market access, subsidies to state own companies and state funded industrial spying.
To his credit, Trump has said his aim was not to overthrow authoritarian governments, and that even applies to the likes of Iran. The Arab spring scared Russia and China, because the US for a brief moment placed the spread of democracy over its security interest.

UNDERSTANDING HOW THE US MAKES DECISIONS REGARDING CHINA

At this moment, China or the trade war isn't an area of great concern for the American public, among international issues it ranks lower than international terrorism, North Korea and Iran's nuclear program.
According to the survey, 39 percent of the country views China’s growing power as a “critical threat” to Americans. That ranked it only eighth among 12 potential threats listed and placed China well behind the perceived threats from international terrorism (66 percent), North Korea’s nuclear program (59 percent) and Iran’s nuclear program (52 percent). It’s also considerably lower than when the same question was asked during the 1990s, when more than half of those polled listed China as a critical threat. That broadly tracks with a recent poll from the Pew Research Center that found concern about U.S.-China economic issues had decreased since 2012.
In looking at how US conducts relations foreign policy with China, we should look at it from the three areas of most concern - economic, national security and ideology. Each sphere has their interest groups, and sometimes groups can occupy two spheres at once. Security experts are concerned with some aspects of China's economic actions like IP theft and industrial policy (China 2025), because they are related to security. In these sphere there are your hawks and dove. And each sphere is dominated by certain interest groups. That is why US policy toward China can often appear contradictory. You have Trump want to reduce the trade deficit, but security experts advocating for restrictions on dual use technology who are buttressed by people who want export restrictions on China, as a way of getting market access.
Right now the economic concerns are most dominant, and the hawks seem to dominate. The economic hawks traditionally have been domestic manufacturing companies and economic nationalist. In reality the hawks aren't dominant, but the groups like US Companies with large investment in China and Wall Street are no longer defending China, and some have turned hawkish against China. These US companies are the main conduit in which China's lobby Congress, since China only spends 50% of what Taiwan spends lobbying Congress.
THE ANGLO SAXON WORLD AND CHINA
I don't think many Chinese even those that speak English, have a good understanding Anglo-Saxon society mindset. Anglo Saxons countries, whether US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland are commerce driven society governed by sanctity of contracts. The English great philosophical contributions to Western philosophy have primarily to do with economics and politics like Adam Smith, John Locke, David Hume and Thomas Hobbes. This contrast with the French and Germans. Politics in the UK and to a lesser extent the US, is centered around economics, while in Mainland Europe its religion. When the Americans revolted against the British Empire in 1776, the initial source of the grievances were taxes.
Outside of East Asia, the rest of the World's relationship with China was largely commercial, and for United States, being an Anglosaxon country, even more so. In Southeast Asia, Chinese aren't known for high culture, but for trade and commerce. Outside Vietnam, most of Chinese loans words in Southeast Asian languages involve either food or money. The influence is akin to Yiddish in English.
Some people point to the Mao and Nixon meeting as great strategic breakthrough and symbol of what great power politics should look like. The reality is that the Mao-Nixon meeting was an anomaly in the long history of relations with China and the West. Much of China-Western relations over the last 500 years was conducted by multitudes of nameless Chinese and Western traders. The period from 1949-1979 was the only period were strategic concerns triumphed trade, because China had little to offer except instability and revolution. Even in this period, China's attempt to spread revolution in Southeast Asia was a threat to Western investments and corporate interest in the region. During the nadir of both the Qing Dynasty and Republican period, China was still engaged in its traditional commercial role. Throughout much of history of their relations with China, the goals of Britain and the United States were primarily economic,
IMAGINE JUST 10% OF CHINA BOUGHT MY PRODUCT
From the beginning, the allure of China to Western businesses and traders has been its sheer size I. One of the points that the USTR mentions is lack of market access for US companies operating in China, while Chinese companies face much less restrictions operating in the US.
This is supported by remarks by Henry Paulson and Charlene Barshefsky. As Paulson remarked
Trade with China has hurt some American workers. And they have expressed their grievances at the ballot box.
So while many attribute this shift to the Trump Administration, I do not. What we are now seeing will likely endure for some time within the American policy establishment. China is viewed—by a growing consensus—not just as a strategic challenge to the United States but as a country whose rise has come at America’s expense. In this environment, it would be helpful if the US-China relationship had more advocates. That it does not reflects another failure:
In large part because China has been slow to open its economy since it joined the WTO, the American business community has turned from advocate to skeptic and even opponent of past US policies toward China. American business doesn’t want a tariff war but it does want a more aggressive approach from our government. How can it be that those who know China best, work there, do business there, make money there, and have advocated for productive relations in the past, are among those now arguing for more confrontation? The answer lies in the story of stalled competition policy, and the slow pace of opening, over nearly two decades. This has discouraged and fragmented the American business community. And it has reinforced the negative attitudinal shift among our political and expert classes. In short, even though many American businesses continue to prosper in China, a growing number of firms have given up hope that the playing field will ever be level. Some have accepted the Faustian bargain of maximizing today’s earnings per share while operating under restrictions that jeopardize their future competitiveness. But that doesn’t mean they’re happy about it. Nor does it mean they aren’t acutely aware of the risks — or thinking harder than ever before about how to diversify their risks away from, and beyond, China.
What is interesting about Paulson's speech is he spend only one sentence about displaced US workers, and a whole paragraph about US business operating in China. While Kissinger writes books about China, how much does he contribute to both Democrats and the Republicans during the election cycle? China is increasingly makING it more difficult for US companies operating and those exporting products to China.

CONTINUED

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XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
submitted by Hodor7777 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
submitted by Hodor7777 to XRP [link] [comments]

XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
submitted by Hodor7777 to RippleTalk [link] [comments]

XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
submitted by Hodor7777 to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

XRP News: Pre-SWELL Edition

https://xrpcommunity.blog/xrp-news-pre-swell-edition/
 
It's time! SWELL is about to start, and I cover all the news leading up to the conference.
 
For those that want a detailed explanation of Multi-Hop, it's in there!
 
A lot has happened in the past week, and I hit on all the major points, including Ripple's testimony at the Library of Congress, the hiring of a lobbying firm, the latest about the Japanese Money Tap application, and Ripple's new philanthropic endeavor.
 
In addition, I cover XRP Community developments as well, including a new tool for Codius hosts and the usage of XRP for a Belize-based ForEx platform.
I hope you enjoy this latest blog entry & please leave any feedback below.
Thank You & Sincerely, -Hodor
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Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews : Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews : Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real? Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP Scam Or Millionaire Trader Biz Review Is It Worthy or Scam? Sonia's Review Blog Millionaire Trader Biz System Review BINARY Forums nobleesports Millionaire Trader Biz Review Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? | Forex Millionaire Trader Biz Review Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP SCAM Or NOT? The Daily Harrison | Review Of Millionaire Trader Biz Binary Options Millionaire Trader Biz Review Does The System Work? Millionaire Trader Biz System Review BINARY | trading sys | LinkedIn Millionaire Trader Biz Review Software Work or Scam? Dollar Menu & More :: McDonalds Fares & Passes | San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Millionaire Trader Biz – Discover how to make $1 million in 180 days or Millionaire Trader Biz – Discover Millionaire Trader Biz REVIEW – A Scam by Vito Nolan? | Insider Millionaire Trader Biz: Scam Dollars All Away? Easy Trading Signals Millionaire Trader Biz Review Is Millionaire Trader Biz Software IT Decisions North side of Boracay by boat 11 Dollars for 2 All day w lunch Millionaire Trader Biz Testimonials Binary App 810 Millionaire Trader Biz REVIEW Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? Happy Every Hour | TGI Fridays Casual Dining Restaurant & Bar Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP Scam. Millionaire Trader Biz Review By Vito Nolan Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP Scam Or Real? What’s Millionaire Trader Biz System Software? Read Our Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews First To Get $1K Millionaire Trader Biz Bonus. Everyone dreams of banking easy Monthly Income and Profits online in their life without doing much work. Just like you, I’m also looking for Millionaire Trader Biz APP System 2015 that can make my life happier than before. Because, lets accept that you need money to be happy in life.
Recently, Vito Nolan, who happens to be a successful online trader Guru released the Millionaire Trader Biz Binary Options Trading System. It is not some point and click options trading software or get rich quick scheme if you are looking for that.
Honestly, such things doesn’t exists…What Millionaire Trader Biz Software does is that it offers free binary signals to you that are well researched by experts in trading and with which Vito Nolan and her students/customers have made several thousands dollars online. To understand the Millionaire Trader Biz System properly, you must consider reading my honest Millionaire Trader Biz review by clicking below: Millionaire Trader Biz Millionaire Trader Biz Results Product Description Of Millionaire Trader Biz System: Product Name : Millionaire Trader Biz Niche: Binary Options Millionaire Trader Biz CEO : Vito Nolan Money-back Promise : Yes (60 Days) Delivery amount : fast Delivery Bonus offer : affirmative($1000) Download: Free
Millionaire Trader Biz Review Millionaire Trader Biz is a binary options trading software that’s meant to help traders get involved in binary options trading with less risk than traditional investment opportunities. Millionaire Trader Biz software was created by Vito Nolan who is the professional binary trader behind the software. Find out all about Millionaire Trader Biz software by Vito Nolan.
What is Millionaire Trader Biz System? Millionaire Trader Biz is a great development by a famous, well established and experienced option trader with a viewpoint to enable investors to perform different tasks with ease and convenience.
Millionaire Trader Biz is basically a Binary options trading APP that is designed to help traders win and predict the Binary options trend of their respective options. It works as a code to get financial success, shows traders how they can make money online, helps them to discover different ways to get huge returns on their investment. The Millionaire Trader Biz also provide analyses of Market conditions so that traders can know what should be their next step. It gives different secret strategies that ultimately help traders to make thousands of dollars only for a few dollars.
Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews I have done a huge research about Millionaire Trader Biz binary options trading System, believe me, I just have to check all the info before I start any type of business. What I have found out is that this is incredible, binary options trading tool that has a really high performance. When I thought about getting 95% of profit without it taking too much time, I just knew I had to try it out, especially when it is free right now.
While it is nearly impossible for any binary options system to deliver a 100% success ratio, but Millionaire Trader Biz is proving itself to be the most resourceful among all other systems available right beside this one. The extensive bets testing which had been done before it was actually made public has finally paid off and has made it rise as the top most binary options trading software. Millionaire Trader Biz APP is highly recommendable software to people as with 80% accuracy they get to bring in close to 185% of their cost daily. The availability of a dedicated support team also plays a vital role in helping the users in case of any dubiety. All plus points combined in one sends a pretty positive message to everyone in need of a perfect binary options trading software.
Is Millionaire Trader Biz a Scam? Actually, it’s impossible for Millionaire Trader Biz to be a scam. You’re literally signing up to watch a pro trade. You get to see him instantly, in real time, each day making trades, winning and losing (and winning much more than losing). The Millionaire Trader Biz results speak for themselves. He’s also helpful and teaches you along the way. I’m so impressed by this system because there is no doubt it is real. They don’t need to hype it up or make outrageous claims.
Does Millionaire Trader Biz Actually work? Many people will say that binary trading is a risky business and tend to stay away from it. But from my experience, high volatility means HIGH RETURN OF INVESTMENT. But this is where Millionaire Trader Biz comes into play, the mathematical algorithm used by Millionaire Trader Biz takes the guess work out choosing a winning profitable trade. You don’t have to be an expert. Like I said earlier, I have personally tested Millionaire Trader Biz and found the success rate is about 95%. I don’t know about you, but a 97% chance of making a profitable trade is VERY GOOD! I’ve never come across anything like this before. Keep reading, below are my results for the past week or so… The Benefits Of Millionaire Trader Biz: Watch over the Shoulder of a Pro Every Day and you can learn as you trade. Averaging 95% Winning Weeks – which means more potential profits for you Millionaire Trader Biz Are Completely Transparent No previous experience with binary options trading needed Web based, no need for downloads, also works on phones, tablets You Can Even Watch Them From Your Phone (iPhone Users – Photon Browser) No PC Downloads Required Multiple Signals Every Day – You will receive average of 23 – 67 signals daily which is good enough for you to earn quick cash for your day. Can turn $250 into $39K in few days
The Negative Of Millionaire Trader Biz: 100% foolproof success cannot be guaranteed, but over 97% of people have success with Millionaire Trader Biz Must have computer or internet access Must have about an hour a day (No something for nothing here)
Millionaire Trader Biz Bottom Line: If you are ready to start making money online with Millionaire Trader Biz, there has never been a better opportunity than now. If you enjoy surfing the web for countless hours looking for the next hot tip, never being able to get focused, being overloaded with conflicting information, and not making money online, you should probably leave this page right now and get back to that Millionaire Trader Biz System strategy.
Millionaire Trader Biz is very recommended! If you Download Millionaire Trader Biz and start implementing what teaches you I have no doubts that you’ll make money. Millionaire Trader Biz is works and it’s not a scam. This is what works for me. Overall, it is well worth its price. Highly recommended! You won’t regret it!

Millionaire Trader Biz Reviews : Is Millionaire Trader Biz APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

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Master Sniper Reviews : Is Master Sniper APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

Master Sniper Reviews : Is Master Sniper APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real? Master Sniper Reviews Is Master Sniper APP Scam Or Master Sniper Review Is It Worthy or Scam? Sonia's Review Blog Master Sniper System Review BINARY Forums nobleesports Master Sniper Review Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? | Forex Master Sniper Review Is Master Sniper APP SCAM Or NOT? The Daily Harrison | Review Of Master Sniper Binary Options Master Sniper Review Does The System Work? Master Sniper System Review BINARY | trading sys | LinkedIn Master Sniper Review Software Work or Scam? Dollar Menu & More :: McDonalds Fares & Passes | San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Master Sniper – Discover how to make $1 million in 180 days or Master Sniper – Discover Master Sniper REVIEW – A Scam by Vito Nolan? | Insider Master Sniper: Scam Dollars All Away? Easy Trading Signals Master Sniper Review Is Master Sniper Software IT Decisions North side of Boracay by boat 11 Dollars for 2 All day w lunch Master Sniper Testimonials Binary App 810 Master Sniper REVIEW Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? Happy Every Hour | TGI Fridays Casual Dining Restaurant & Bar Master Sniper Reviews Is Master Sniper APP Scam. Master Sniper Review By Vito Nolan Is Master Sniper APP Scam Or Real? What’s Master Sniper System Software? Read Our Master Sniper Reviews First To Get $1K Master Sniper Bonus. Everyone dreams of banking easy Monthly Income and Profits online in their life without doing much work. Just like you, I’m also looking for Master Sniper APP System 2015 that can make my life happier than before. Because, lets accept that you need money to be happy in life.
Recently, Vito Nolan, who happens to be a successful online trader Guru released the Master Sniper Binary Options Trading System. It is not some point and click options trading software or get rich quick scheme if you are looking for that.
Honestly, such things doesn’t exists…What Master Sniper Software does is that it offers free binary signals to you that are well researched by experts in trading and with which Vito Nolan and her students/customers have made several thousands dollars online. To understand the Master Sniper System properly, you must consider reading my honest Master Sniper review by clicking below: Master Sniper Master Sniper Results Product Description Of Master Sniper System: Product Name : Master Sniper Niche: Binary Options Master Sniper CEO : Vito Nolan Money-back Promise : Yes (60 Days) Delivery amount : fast Delivery Bonus offer : affirmative($1000) Download: Free
Master Sniper Review Master Sniper is a binary options trading software that’s meant to help traders get involved in binary options trading with less risk than traditional investment opportunities. Master Sniper software was created by Vito Nolan who is the professional binary trader behind the software. Find out all about Master Sniper software by Vito Nolan.
What is Master Sniper System? Master Sniper is a great development by a famous, well established and experienced option trader with a viewpoint to enable investors to perform different tasks with ease and convenience.
Master Sniper is basically a Binary options trading APP that is designed to help traders win and predict the Binary options trend of their respective options. It works as a code to get financial success, shows traders how they can make money online, helps them to discover different ways to get huge returns on their investment. The Master Sniper also provide analyses of Market conditions so that traders can know what should be their next step. It gives different secret strategies that ultimately help traders to make thousands of dollars only for a few dollars.
Master Sniper Reviews I have done a huge research about Master Sniper binary options trading System, believe me, I just have to check all the info before I start any type of business. What I have found out is that this is incredible, binary options trading tool that has a really high performance. When I thought about getting 95% of profit without it taking too much time, I just knew I had to try it out, especially when it is free right now.
While it is nearly impossible for any binary options system to deliver a 100% success ratio, but Master Sniper is proving itself to be the most resourceful among all other systems available right beside this one. The extensive bets testing which had been done before it was actually made public has finally paid off and has made it rise as the top most binary options trading software. Master Sniper APP is highly recommendable software to people as with 80% accuracy they get to bring in close to 185% of their cost daily. The availability of a dedicated support team also plays a vital role in helping the users in case of any dubiety. All plus points combined in one sends a pretty positive message to everyone in need of a perfect binary options trading software.
Is Master Sniper a Scam? Actually, it’s impossible for Master Sniper to be a scam. You’re literally signing up to watch a pro trade. You get to see him instantly, in real time, each day making trades, winning and losing (and winning much more than losing). The Master Sniper results speak for themselves. He’s also helpful and teaches you along the way. I’m so impressed by this system because there is no doubt it is real. They don’t need to hype it up or make outrageous claims.
Does Master Sniper Actually work? Many people will say that binary trading is a risky business and tend to stay away from it. But from my experience, high volatility means HIGH RETURN OF INVESTMENT. But this is where Master Sniper comes into play, the mathematical algorithm used by Master Sniper takes the guess work out choosing a winning profitable trade. You don’t have to be an expert. Like I said earlier, I have personally tested Master Sniper and found the success rate is about 95%. I don’t know about you, but a 97% chance of making a profitable trade is VERY GOOD! I’ve never come across anything like this before. Keep reading, below are my results for the past week or so… The Benefits Of Master Sniper: Watch over the Shoulder of a Pro Every Day and you can learn as you trade. Averaging 95% Winning Weeks – which means more potential profits for you Master Sniper Are Completely Transparent No previous experience with binary options trading needed Web based, no need for downloads, also works on phones, tablets You Can Even Watch Them From Your Phone (iPhone Users – Photon Browser) No PC Downloads Required Multiple Signals Every Day – You will receive average of 23 – 67 signals daily which is good enough for you to earn quick cash for your day. Can turn $250 into $39K in few days
The Negative Of Master Sniper: 100% foolproof success cannot be guaranteed, but over 97% of people have success with Master Sniper Must have computer or internet access Must have about an hour a day (No something for nothing here)
Master Sniper Bottom Line: If you are ready to start making money online with Master Sniper, there has never been a better opportunity than now. If you enjoy surfing the web for countless hours looking for the next hot tip, never being able to get focused, being overloaded with conflicting information, and not making money online, you should probably leave this page right now and get back to that Master Sniper System strategy.
Master Sniper is very recommended! If you Download Master Sniper and start implementing what teaches you I have no doubts that you’ll make money. Master Sniper is works and it’s not a scam. This is what works for me. Overall, it is well worth its price. Highly recommended! You won’t regret it!

Master Sniper Reviews : Is Master Sniper APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

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Dollars All Day Reviews : Is Dollars All Day APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

Dollars All Day Reviews : Is Dollars All Day APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real? Dollars All Day Reviews Is Dollars All Day APP Scam Or Dollars All Day Review Is It Worthy or Scam? Sonia's Review Blog Dollars All Day System Review BINARY Forums nobleesports Dollars All Day Review Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? | Forex Dollars All Day Review Is Dollars All Day APP SCAM Or NOT? The Daily Harrison | Review Of Dollars All Day Binary Options Dollars All Day Review Does The System Work? Dollars All Day System Review BINARY | trading sys | LinkedIn Dollars All Day Review Software Work or Scam? Dollar Menu & More :: McDonalds Fares & Passes | San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Dollars All Day – Discover how to make $1 million in 180 days or Dollars All Day – Discover DOLLARS ALL DAY REVIEW – A Scam by Vito Nolan? | Insider Dollars All Day: Scam Dollars All Away? Easy Trading Signals Dollars All Day Review Is Dollars All Day Software IT Decisions North side of Boracay by boat 11 Dollars for 2 All day w lunch Dollars All Day Testimonials Binary App 810 DOLLARS ALL DAY REVIEW Is DollarsAllDay APP Scam Or Real? Happy Every Hour | TGI Fridays Casual Dining Restaurant & Bar Dollars All Day Reviews Is Dollars All Day APP Scam. Dollars All Day Review By Vito Nolan Is Dollars All Day APP Scam Or Real? What’s Dollars All Day System Software? Read Our Dollars All Day Reviews First To Get $1K Dollars All Day Bonus. Everyone dreams of banking easy Monthly Income and Profits online in their life without doing much work. Just like you, I’m also looking for Dollars All Day APP System 2015 that can make my life happier than before. Because, lets accept that you need money to be happy in life.
Recently, Vito Nolan, who happens to be a successful online trader Guru released the Dollars All Day Binary Options Trading System. It is not some point and click options trading software or get rich quick scheme if you are looking for that.
Honestly, such things doesn’t exists…What Dollars All Day Software does is that it offers free binary signals to you that are well researched by experts in trading and with which Vito Nolan and her students/customers have made several thousands dollars online.
To understand the Dollars All Day System properly, you must consider reading my honest Dollars All Day review by clicking below:
Dollars All Day Dollars All Day Results Product Description Of Dollars All Day System: Product Name : Dollars All Day Niche: Binary Options Dollars All Day CEO : Vito Nolan Money-back Promise : Yes (60 Days) Delivery amount : fast Delivery Bonus offer : affirmative($1000) Download: Free
Dollars All Day Review Dollars All Day is a binary options trading software that’s meant to help traders get involved in binary options trading with less risk than traditional investment opportunities. Dollars All Day software was created by Vito Nolan who is the professional binary trader behind the software. Find out all about Dollars All Day software by Vito Nolan.
What is Dollars All Day System? Dollars All Day is a great development by a famous, well established and experienced option trader with a viewpoint to enable investors to perform different tasks with ease and convenience.
Dollars All Day is basically a Binary options trading APP that is designed to help traders win and predict the Binary options trend of their respective options. It works as a code to get financial success, shows traders how they can make money online, helps them to discover different ways to get huge returns on their investment. The Dollars All Day also provide analyses of Market conditions so that traders can know what should be their next step. It gives different secret strategies that ultimately help traders to make thousands of dollars only for a few dollars.
Dollars All Day Reviews I have done a huge research about Dollars All Day binary options trading System, believe me, I just have to check all the info before I start any type of business. What I have found out is that this is incredible, binary options trading tool that has a really high performance. When I thought about getting 95% of profit without it taking too much time, I just knew I had to try it out, especially when it is free right now.
While it is nearly impossible for any binary options system to deliver a 100% success ratio, but Dollars All Day is proving itself to be the most resourceful among all other systems available right beside this one. The extensive bets testing which had been done before it was actually made public has finally paid off and has made it rise as the top most binary options trading software. Dollars All Day APP is highly recommendable software to people as with 80% accuracy they get to bring in close to 185% of their cost daily. The availability of a dedicated support team also plays a vital role in helping the users in case of any dubiety. All plus points combined in one sends a pretty positive message to everyone in need of a perfect binary options trading software.
Is Dollars All Day a Scam? Actually, it’s impossible for Dollars All Day to be a scam. You’re literally signing up to watch a pro trade. You get to see him instantly, in real time, each day making trades, winning and losing (and winning much more than losing). The Dollars All Day results speak for themselves. He’s also helpful and teaches you along the way. I’m so impressed by this system because there is no doubt it is real. They don’t need to hype it up or make outrageous claims.
Does Dollars All Day Actually work? Many people will say that binary trading is a risky business and tend to stay away from it. But from my experience, high volatility means HIGH RETURN OF INVESTMENT. But this is where Dollars All Day comes into play, the mathematical algorithm used by Dollars All Day takes the guess work out choosing a winning profitable trade. You don’t have to be an expert. Like I said earlier, I have personally tested Dollars All Day and found the success rate is about 95%. I don’t know about you, but a 97% chance of making a profitable trade is VERY GOOD! I’ve never come across anything like this before. Keep reading, below are my results for the past week or so…
The Benefits Of Dollars All Day: Watch over the Shoulder of a Pro Every Day and you can learn as you trade. Averaging 95% Winning Weeks – which means more potential profits for you Dollars All Day Are Completely Transparent No previous experience with binary options trading needed Web based, no need for downloads, also works on phones, tablets You Can Even Watch Them From Your Phone (iPhone Users – Photon Browser) No PC Downloads Required Multiple Signals Every Day – You will receive average of 23 – 67 signals daily which is good enough for you to earn quick cash for your day. Can turn $250 into $39K in few days
The Negative Of Dollars All Day: 100% foolproof success cannot be guaranteed, but over 97% of people have success with Dollars All Day Must have computer or internet access Must have about an hour a day (No something for nothing here)
Dollars All Day Bottom Line: If you are ready to start making money online with Dollars All Day, there has never been a better opportunity than now. If you enjoy surfing the web for countless hours looking for the next hot tip, never being able to get focused, being overloaded with conflicting information, and not making money online, you should probably leave this page right now and get back to that Dollars All Day System strategy.
Dollars All Day is very recommended! If you Download Dollars All Day and start implementing what teaches you I have no doubts that you’ll make money. Dollars All Day is works and it’s not a scam. This is what works for me. Overall, it is well worth its price. Highly recommended! You won’t regret it!

Dollars All Day Reviews : Is Dollars All Day APP System BINARY Software Work Or Scam Or Real?

submitted by bozicswitcv to dollarsallday [link] [comments]

Forex Testimonial FreeLife101 Forex Killer Testimonial Kaya karena forex ! Testimoni investor forex Testimonials The Best Forex EA Bot Women In Forex & Entrepreneurship Testimonials Forex Testimonial FreeLife101

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Forex Testimonial FreeLife101

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